Terminalia chebula, commonly known as black- or chebulic myrobalan.
Quantity: 10 seeds per packet.
Germination Rate: Min.60%.
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T. chebula is a medium to large deciduous tree growing to 30 m (98 ft) tall, with a trunk up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) in diameter. Theleaves are alternate to sub opposite in arrangement, oval, 7–8 cm (2.8–3.1 in) long and 4.5–10 cm (1.8–3.9 in) broad with a 1–3 cm (0.39–1.18 in) petiole.They have an acute tip, cordate at the base, margins entire, glabrous above with a yellowish pubescence below.The fruit is drupe-like, 2–4.5 cm (0.79–1.77 in) long and 1.2–2.5 cm (0.47–0.98 in) broad, blackish, with five longitudinal ridges.The dull white to yellow flowers are monoecious, and have a strong, unpleasant odour. They are borne in terminal spikes or short panicles. The fruits are smooth ellipsoid to ovoid drupes, yellow to orange-brown in colour, with a single angled stone.
Terminalia chebula is an important medicinal plant in Indian traditional medicine and it is most frequently used herb in Ayurveda. Terminalia chebula is a medium- to large-sized tree distributed throughout tropical and subtropical Asia, including China and Tibet. This tree is found in the forests of northern India, Uttar Pradesh and Bengal, and is common in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and southern Maharastra. Terminalia chebula is commonly known as black myroblans in English and harad in Hindi. The Terminalia consists of 250 species and widely 98 distributed in tropical areas of the world14. The fruit of Terminalia chebula is consider as the "king of medicines" by Tibetans and second-to- none by ayurvedic apothecaries, and also held in high regard by other folk medicinal practitioners15 .
Terminalia chebula is routinely used as traditional medicine in the name of ‘Kadukkaai’ by tribal of Tamil Nadu in India to cure several ailments such as fever, cough, diarrhea, gastroenteritis, skin diseases, candidiasis, urinary tract infection and wound infections16. Antibacterial activity of Terminalia chebula extracts against several bacterial strains have been reported17. Extracts from different parts of diverse species of plants like root, flower, leaves, seeds, etc. exhibit antibacterial properties were applied on cotton material for wound, healthcare care application18. It is a well known fact that the demand for the herbal drug treatment of various ailments is increasing and plant drugs from the ayurvedic system are being explored more, not only in India but also globally. As a result, many research studies are being undertaken and there is a need for an update and to put them together. In this article an attempt has taken to recapitulate available pharmacological studies for Terminalia chebula. The first part of the article explains the natural species identy, habitat, botanical description, chemical constituents. The second part abridges the various pharmacological studies so far done with the different extracts of Terminalia chebula fruits, leaf and bark extracts.