Terminalia Catappa Seeds

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Quantity: 10 seeds per pack.

Germination Rate: Min.60%.

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Indian almonds are spreading trees with large, leathery, oval leaves which turn red before they fall. The tree has a distinctive shape, its horizontal branches growing in wide spreading circles at different levels on the trunk. The greenish - white female - and male flowers are on the same tree; these flowers are inconspicuous and not very showy. The pale green fruit is the size and shape of an almond in its shell. Some varieties become reddish-purple when ripe. The nuts are edible, taste like almonds and are eaten. A highly ornamental tree, much planted in avenues and gardens.

Terminalia catappa is a tall deciduous and erect tree reaching 15-25 m, trunk 1-1.5 m in diameter, often buttressed at the base. Whorls of nearly horizontal, slightly ascending branches spaced 1-2 m apart in tiers, or storeys, up the trunk. The pagoda-like habit becomes less noticeable as the branches elongate and droop at the tips. Bark grey-brown, rough with age.

Leaves alternate obovate with short petioles, spirally clustered at the branch tips, 15-36 cm long, 8-24 cm wide, dark green above, paler beneath, leathery and glossy. They turn bright scarlet, dark red, dark purplish-red, or yellow.

Flowers slightly fetid, greenish-white, very small, with no petals but 10-12 conspicuous stamens, arranged in several slender spikes 15-25 cm long in the leaf axils.The majority of the flowers are male and borne towards the apex, while a few hermaphroditic ones appear below. Some spikes have only male flowers.

Fruit hard, to 7 cm, green-red, rounded and flattened, egg-shaped, with 2 ridges but no wings, 2.5 x 3-6 cm long, yellow or reddish when ripe. The cylindrical, oil-containing seeds are encased in a tough, fibrous husk within a fleshy pericarp. There are about 24 fresh fruits and 160 nuts per kg.

Flowering: February-May

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